This essay Zach Mann has a total of 747 words and 3 pages.
September 19, 2016
Writing Assignment #2
To define neurocriminology, you could break down the bases of the word with "neuro" meaning our nervous system and the other half "criminology" which is the study of criminals and crime. Neurocriminology is the study of the links between the biology of our body and our nervous system and if that has a part in committing crime. By knowing if they are linked, scientists and researchers can figure out a way to prevent it or rehabilitate it.
I think the easier prenatal or perinatal factors that can be more prevented is the mother's intake and what she puts in her body. Studies show that the women that have more intake of alcohol or nicotine lead to brain impairment of the child with can lead to deviance and delinquency. Factors that are a little harder to control is the overall development of the child and complications during birth. The article reviews the study that when a child has cavum septum pellucidum, which is when the septum pellucidum fails to close, he/she has certain damage to the brain which is linked to offending. Factors that are hard to control and the easier factors combined with maternal rejection are what studies state lead to criminal behavior and deviance. Ways we can help prevent these factors is to give people especially pregnant women more knowledge of what can happen to their child if they risk these factors. Its hard to prevent complications in a pregnancy if the child doesn't develop right or if it comes early, but if we tell mothers and parents in general that they should watch what they put in their body and how they should not reject their kids, these factors can be reduced or prevented.
When a study shows a direct correlation with a brain tumor and personal behavior, its hard to blame the person for their behaviors when they can't help having a tumor. Every case is different, but in this particular case I do not think that Michael deserves all the responsibility of his behaviors when they were clearly the result of his brain tumor. There could potentially be an argument to say that if he recognized a change in his behavior he should have gotten help sooner, but its hard to say when he went right back to normal once the tumor was gone. In this case, Michael had no previous criminal history, and to see him go from a former correctional officer and teacher and loving parent and husband to a sex offender should raise suspicion.
I think the environment can play a big part in determining a child's behavior. What a child is exposed to and how a child was raised and the things that happen around a child can greatly affect how they behave and future deviance. If a child is raised in poverty and has parents who reject them or doesn't get good schooling, they are more likely to have violent behavior or commit crime. In my opinion, I think the environment has a bigger effect on a child's behavior then biology. If a child has the warrior gene or has a brain defect, having a parent that looks after them and get the help they need and gets them in good schools and makes sure they always have what they need would reduce violent behavior or make it less likely for that child to become deviant. The environment is easier to control then a child's biology, therefore to prevent violent behavior or deviance we should try and help family's environments so that their children won't commit future crime.
I think in some ways neurocriminology can present a argument in our legal system to lessen someone's punishment or get them the help they need. Like I said in the third question, every case is different and should be treated as such. Having said that I do think there is a lot more we can learn more about neurocriminology to make it a stronger argument or to not make it a stronger argument depending on the research. When something happens in our brains and it directly correlates with our behavior, we can't prevent some of our actions. Because of