Zach Mann
Dr. Carrie Trojan
Writing Assignment #1
September 2, 2016

1. I think that it depends whether or not the murder was premeditated for if the death penalty deters more or less. Also considering if the state the murder was committed in upholds the death penalty or not could play a factor. If it was premeditated or not is a factor because most people who get in a fight or get drunk and kill somebody aren't thinking about jail time or if they'd get caught or what there sentencing might be if they get caught. If the murder was planned out and "premeditated" I think the person is somewhere in their head thinking about the consequences of the murder and if it's worth going to jail for or the end result of getting the death penalty.

2.The general finding of the studies was that states with the death penalty did have lower homicide rates than states without the death penalty. However further studies and research showed that examination of other factors of the states could have also played a roll. Factors included geographical layouts, social conditions, and economic states. The problem with this is that it's harder to determine whether the death penalty is actually working as a deterrent depending on those conditions.

3.There have been different studies and methods to help accurately compare homicide rates when the death penalty is being instituted. One study using longitudinal designs, which means they studied a jurisdiction over time with and without the death penalty, showed inconsistent changes with murder rates over time. Researchers are trying to use cross-sectional studies to considering the different variables that may affect homicide rates from state to state.

4.The brutalization hypothesis states that the use of the death penalty deadens people's respect for life and increases the rate of homicides. I got this from an article on an oxford journals website. If people don't respect life and they see the use of the death penalty only for retribution, then homicide rates are hypothesized to go up higher.

5.Different variables that were included in the research for the correlation of homicide rates with and without the death penalty include unemployment rate, physician rate, conviction rate, and incarceration rate. I wasn't very surprised that these variables effected homicide rates. If unemployment is down, statistically crime rates in general go up. The same idea goes for conviction rates. If conviction rates are going up then more and more people are committing crime and being convicted.

6.The study did not support a deterrent effect of the death penalty. Part of the reason may be because of the types of studies that were held and how hard it is to correlate homicide rates with the death penalty in effect. It could also possibly be that the death penalty doesn't have a huge effect on homicide rates. The brutalization hypothesis was also not supported. Just because the death penalty is in place does not mean that peoples respect for life necessarily goes down or the rate of homicide to increase.