US Supplies In WWII

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US Supplies in WWII

Jill Dion

Some people say that the most devastating war in the history of the world has been World War II. First of all, what is a war? Webster's Dictionary says that the definition of war is an armed contest between states or nations any contest or strife, such as a war of words. As one can see, World War II was a contest between states or nations. It began with a simple little conflict in Europe in 1939. This conflict involved Germany and an Anglo-French coalition but eventually widened to include most of the nations of the world. It ended in 1945, leaving a new world order dominated by the United States and the USSR. As mentioned before, World War II has been the most devastating war humans have ever been involved with. The question of why can be answered in the three reasons listed below. First is that it involved the commitment of nations' entire human and economic resources. Second is the blurring of distinction between combatant and noncombatant, and third is the expansion of the battlefield to include all of the enemy's territory. The involvement of nations' entire human and economic resources is the first and most important reason. This ties into the end of the war with the United States and the USSR being world powers. This could have never happened if the United States entire human and economic resources weren't involved in the war and if most of the United States resources had not went to help the USSR. The United States at the time of the war was almost a world power. It was a strong country that attempted to stay out of the war as long as possible but still help nations in need. The United States did not fight the war in Europe for a few years but it began fighting it at home. More than 60 million Americans helped the war effort by working in factories and farms. The War Production Board was created to oversee all of this production. Chairman of the War Production Board, Donald Nelson remarked, "The American war-production job was probably the greatest achievement of all time. It makes the seven wonders of the ancient world look like the doodlings of a small boy on a rainy Saturday afternoon." No doubt about it, war production was a great achievement. Six million women were added to the labor force. Old men who had once been retired returned to work and the unemployed soon found jobs. Production increased. Between 1940 and the end of 1944, the production of military aircraft rose from 23,000 per annum to 96,000. Tank production was increased from 4,000 in 1940-41 to almost 30,000 in 1943. Car plants such as the Detroit Chrysler one started to assemble jeeps and tanks instead of the luxeray cars. All of this effort in production turned out billions of supplies that helped win the war. Some examples are: 4,490,000 bayonets, 519,122,000 pairs of socks, 634,569 jeeps, 237,371,000 cans of insect repellent, 3,076,000,000 lbs. of beef, 7,570 railroad locomotives, 2,679,819 machine guns, 597,613 leg splints, 25,065,834,000 rounds of .30 cal. Ammunition, 1,024,000 pairs of panties for WACs, 476,628 antitank bazookas, 1,397,000,000 lbs. of coffee, 7,309,000 500-lb. bombs, 3,242,017 hot-water bottles, 113,967 combat vehicles, 106,466,000 tent pins, and much, much more. The amount the American worker made to provide for the war was staggering. What is even more staggering is that all of this was just for the American army. The United States produced even more to help other countries that include Great Britain, China, and the USSR. The United States was able to help these countries because of the Lend-Lease Act passed by Congress in March of 1941. The Lend-Lease Act was an act that authorized the president of transfer, lease, or lend "any defense article" to "the government of any country whose defense the President seems vital to the defense of the Untied States." When the program had been terminated in 1945, over $50 billion in Lend-Lease aid had been shipped to Great Britain, the USSR, and China. The United States helped Great Britain a great deal but the amount given does not compare to the aid that


Related Topics

Foreign trade of the Soviet Union Soviet UnionUnited States relations Lend-Lease Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt War Production Board Diplomatic history of World War II Home front during World War II war production board united states resources conflict in europe world war ii definition of war production job strong country donald nelson war in europe economic resources war of words war effort history of the world american war new world order 60 million strife ussr factories dictionary

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