The Holocaust was one of the greatest tragedies, the world has ever known. There were many key people who participated in this heinous genocide. However, some get more attention than others. Adolf Eichmann was one of them. Eichmann, Adolf, 1906–62, German National Socialist official. Eichmann joined the Austrian Nazi Party in April 1932, rising quickly through the ranks of the Nazi SS hierarchy as he traveled through Nazi-controlled territory in search of Jewish populations. He introduced the death camps to which six million Jews were shipped from all over Europe. Eichmann was captured by the US army at the end of World War II, but managed to escape to South America, where he lived incognito until 1960. In that year he was traced by Israeli agents in Argentina and kidnapped. They took him to Israil, and after settling the controversy that arose over this Israeli violation of Argentine law, the Israeli government arranged his trial before a special three-judge court in Jerusalem. During the trial, Eichmann claimed not to be an anti-Semite. He denied the responsibility of mass killing when he stated that “I couldn\'t help myself; I had ordered, but I had nothing to do with that business.” This shows that Eichmann took the stand, and used the defense that he was just obeying orders. Eichmann was found guilty in all counts, and was sentenced to death, the only death sentence ever imposed by an Israeli court. He was hanged on May 31, 1962, and his ashes were scattered at sea. Eichmann was not a psychopath, but a man pursuing a career who had abdicated his moral responsibilities. Society will be able to make steps toward understanding how events such as genocide can occur within the larger society.
Nelson Mandela is one of the great moral and political leaders of the time. His lifelong dedication to the fight against racial oppression in his country won him the admiration of millions worldwide. In 1944 Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC), a black-liberation group, and organized a committee dedicated to nonviolent action in pursuit of the ANC\'s goals, called the Congress Youth League with several ANC members. Mandela was jailed for the first time in 1952 for having arranged a peaceful civil rights campaign. His anti-apartheid activism made him a frequent target of the authorities. Therefore, In March 1956, He was charged with treason under the Suppression of Communism Act, and arrested with more than 100 anti-apartheid activists. Furthermore, Mandela was arrested in August 1962 and charged with organizing demonstrations on behalf of the banned ANC. That time he sentenced to five years in prison. Mandela was charged with the more serious crimes, treason and sabotage and sentenced to life in prison when police learned about his association with Spear of the Nation, which was to destroy property and equipment at government sites and at other institutions that supported apartheid. Since the government facing increasing pressure from black South Africans and the outside world to free Mandela, president Botha considered to release Mandela if he promised to keep a distance from ANC and their work. However, through a letter he stated that he was and would always be a representative of the people and their organization. After 27 years, in 1990 the South African government under President de Klerk released Mandela from prison. Mandela was chosen deputy president of the ANC; he became president of the party in July 1991. Nelson Mandela\'s life symbolizes the triumph of the human spirit over man\'s inhumanity to man. His struggle throughout life to do away with racism exemplifies his courage and heroics.
The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was the most dangerous moment of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. The confrontation between the two superpowers came dangerously close to causing a nuclear war. The actions taken by President John F. Kennedy’s administration prevented the installation of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba, just 90 miles from Florida. Prior to the crisis the United States had attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro, and the current government of Cuba with the Bay of Pigs invasion. The invasion failed, but it served as a warning to Fidel Castro. His victory during the Bay of Pigs Invasion asserted Castro\'s rule over Cuba. Castro sought help