Is it hard for you to fall asleep or stay asleep through the night? Do you wake up feeling tired or feel very sleepy during the day, even if you had enough sleep? You might have a sleep disorder. The most kinds are:

o Insomnia (a hard time falling or staying asleep)
o Sleep apnea (Breathing interruption during sleep)
o Restless legs syndrome ( a tingling or pricky sensation in the legs)
o Narcolepsy (daytime ?sleep attacks?)

Nightmares, night terrors, sleep walking, sleep talking, head banging, wetting the bed and grinding your teeth are kinds of sleep problems called parasomnias.

Sleep disorders are a group of conditions characterized by disturbance in the amount, quality, or timing of a person's sleep. They also include emotional and other problems that may be related to sleep. There are about seventy different sleep disorders. Short-term, temporary changes in a person's sleep pattern are not included in sleep disorders. Sleep disorders involve any difficulties related to sleeping, including difficulty falling or staying asleep.

Sleep disorders are very common and can result from a number of causes. Stress, illness, diet (e.g., caffeine, alcohol), and medications (e.g., antidepressants) all can cause sleep problems. Narcolepsy is the only major sleep disorder with a known genetic cause (i.e., hereditary). Causes of sleep disorders are varied and range from serious neurological problems to simple nightmares. In general, the causes for sleep disorders can be categorized into internal, external and due to disturbance in the normal circadian pattern. Most often, sleep disorders are manifested as an associated disease of any organ disease and also a major factor for internal causes of sleep disorder. It is common that most of the diseases manifest with a disturbance in the normal sleep pattern. However, serious sleep disorders can be caused because of medical conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sleep-related gastroesophageal reflux, peptic ulcer, fibrositis syndrome, back problems, and neck problems. Any impairment in the brain such as central apnea and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease are also potential cause for sleep disorders. Breathing problems are also major causative in cases such as obstructive sleep apnea and snoring. Most of the mental problems such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, bipolar syndrome, paranoia and schizophrenia can cause sleep disorders. The specific problems such as tooth grinding and sleep enuresis are also caused because of certain mental disorders. Life style factors such as alcoholism and intake of alkaloids such as caffeine can also contribute to the cause of sleep disorders. The environmental factors include light, noise, and change of bedding. The intake of certain drugs Lotronex and Tramadol are also proven to cause sleep disorders. The consumption of any particular substance may also attribute sleep disorders in some patients. Sleep disorders are most often a symptom of any other serious disorder.
Also, here are some examples of suspected causes of sleep disorders:

-Problems with falling and staying asleep

-Problems with staying awake (excessive daytime sleepiness)

-Problems with sticking to a regular sleep schedule (sleep rhythm problem)

-Unusual behaviors during sleep (sleep disruptive behaviors)

There are treatments for most sleep disorders. Sometimes just having regular sleep habits can help. Treatment for sleep disorders depends on the cause and may include improvements in sleep hygiene (e.g., going to bed at the same time each day) and lifestyle modifications (e.g., avoiding caffeine, exercising daily, weight loss), medications, and other treatments. The following can help prevent many sleep disorders.

* Regular sleep habits (such as going to bed and waking at the same time every day)
* A quiet sleep environment
* Regular exercise
* Staying generally fit and healthy

The choice of treatment for a sleep disorder depends on the cause of the disorder, if it is known. For example, some people develop insomnia because they have become depressed. The solution to this problem is not to treat the insomnia, but to treat the depression. The patient may be given antidepressants or counseling to improve his or her emotional outlook. If this treatment is successful, the insomnia usually disappears on its own. In many cases, however, the sleep disorder itself may be treated directly. The five forms of treatment that can be used are medications, psychotherapy, sleep education, lifestyle changes, and surgery. The most common device used to test for sleeping disorders is called a polysomnograph. This device measures a person's breathing, heart rate, brain waves, and other physical functions during sleep.