This essay RIZAL : PHILIPPINE NATIONALIST AND MARTYR has a total of 670 words and 4 pages.
RIZAL : PHILIPPINE NATIONALIST AND MARTYR
By: Austin Coates
Austin Coates (1922-1997) was a British civil servant, writer and traveler. He was the son of noted English composer Eric Coates.
Austin Coates wrote extensively on topics related to the Asia-Pacific region, particularly Hong Kong and Macau. He was first connected to the East through his service for the Royal Air Force intelligence in India, Burma, Malaysia and Indonesia in the Second World War. After the war, he worked for the Hong Kong government as Assistant Colonial Secretary and Magistrate in the New Territories from 1949 to 1956. As a magistrate, he gained insight on the Chinese customs and character, and he applied Chinese laws to solve many of his cases.
After Hong Kong, he was the Chinese Affairs Officer in Sarawak from 1957 to 1959; First Secretary of the British High Commission, Kuala Lumpur and Penang from 1959 to 1962. In 1962, he left the British civil service to concentrate on writing. In 1965, he settled in Hong Kong and continued travelling and writing extensively.
Coates was the guest of many prominent Asians, among them the Tagore family, the Indian painter HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamini_Roy" \o "Jamini Roy" Jamini Roy and Mahatma Gandhi. After his visit with Gandhi, he decided that understanding between East and West was one of the most important goals in the world.
His book City of Broken Promises was made into an extremely successful musical for the Hong Kong Art Festival in 1978. The show was also staged in San Jose in 1979, starring Teresa Carpio .
Rizal Philippine Nationalist and Martyr is the biographical book ab out Philippine national hero Jose Rizal . The book was published by the Oxford University Press in Hong Kong in 1968.
Regarded as one of the better biographers of Rizal, Coates's book on Riz al is considered as one of the very best biographies on the Filipino national hero. In the biographical literature, Coates emphaticall y explained that Rizal was the very first exponent of nationalism in Asia .
Jose Rizal (1861-1896), Philippine poet and patriot, exact contemporary of Tagore and forerunner of Gandhi, died before a Spanish firing squad, aged 35. His writings inspired the Philippine Revolution of 1896-98, the earliest national uprising against a colonial power in Asia. But Rizal himself was eclipsed when the main scene of Asia's struggle for independence shifted from the Philippines to India. In his own country he continues to be revered as a national hero, and has had greater influence on his people than any other man.
In the book, Coates has a translation of Rizal's poem written in the Spanish-language retroactively titled " HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mi_%C3%9Altimo_Adi%C3%B3s" \o "Mi Ultimo Adios" Mi Ultimo Adios ", translated by scholars into the English as " My Last Farewell ". Although not explored enough, it sheds light on Rizal's "final statement," "state of mind," and "intimate view" of the Philippine Revolution before his death by firing squad .
The author ' s biography of Rizal has laudably attempted to assess Rizal's role in the Propag anda Movement and his influence on the development of nationalism. Some of his insights are trul y perceptive and throw light on the motivation and events of Rizal's short life. But I noticed , the book has abundance of errors of fact. For instance, the La Liga Filipina is said no t to have been a secret society , tho ugh in fact it remained unknown to the Spani ards even after the arrests and searches wh ich accompanied the deportation of Rizal, and w as only discovered when already dissolved . Anyway, t he place of Jose Rizal in the formation of Filipino nationalism is secure. His propaganda activity in Europe, crystallized in his two novels, Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo , earned him the wrath of the Spanish government in Manila and the respect of his fellow countrymen.
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