RIZAL : PHILIPPINE NATIONALIST AND MARTYR
By: Austin Coates

Biography
Austin Coates (1922-1997) was a British civil servant, writer and traveler. He was the son of noted English composer Eric Coates.
Austin Coates wrote extensively on topics related to the Asia-Pacific region, particularly Hong Kong and Macau. He was first connected to the East through his service for the Royal Air Force intelligence in India, Burma, Malaysia and Indonesia in the Second World War. After the war, he worked for the Hong Kong government as Assistant Colonial Secretary and Magistrate in the New Territories from 1949 to 1956. As a magistrate, he gained insight on the Chinese customs and character, and he applied Chinese laws to solve many of his cases.
After Hong Kong, he was the Chinese Affairs Officer in Sarawak from 1957 to 1959; First Secretary of the British High Commission, Kuala Lumpur and Penang from 1959 to 1962. In 1962, he left the British civil service to concentrate on writing. In 1965, he settled in Hong Kong and continued travelling and writing extensively.
Coates was the guest of many prominent Asians, among them the Tagore family, the Indian painter  HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamini_Roy" \o "Jamini Roy" Jamini Roy and Mahatma Gandhi. After his visit with Gandhi, he decided that understanding between East and West was one of the most important goals in the world.
His book   City of Broken Promises   was made into an extremely successful musical for the Hong Kong Art Festival in 1978. The show was also staged in   San Jose   in 1979, starring Teresa Carpio .

Short Introduction
Rizal Philippine Nationalist and Martyr is the   biographical   book ab out   Philippine   national hero   Jose Rizal . The book was published by the   Oxford University Press   in   Hong Kong   in 1968.
Regarded as one of the better   biographers of Rizal, Coates's book on Riz al is considered as one of the very best biographies on the   Filipino   national hero. In the biographical literature, Coates emphaticall y explained that Rizal was the very first   exponent of nationalism   in   Asia .

Synopsis
Jose Rizal (1861-1896), Philippine poet and patriot, exact contemporary of Tagore and forerunner of Gandhi, died before a Spanish firing squad, aged 35. His writings inspired the Philippine Revolution of 1896-98, the earliest national uprising against a colonial power in Asia. But Rizal himself was eclipsed when the main scene of Asia's struggle for independence shifted from the Philippines to India. In his own country he continues to be revered as a national hero, and has had greater influence on his people than any other man.
In the book, Coates has a   translation   of Rizal's poem written in the   Spanish-language   retroactively titled " HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mi_%C3%9Altimo_Adi%C3%B3s" \o "Mi Ultimo Adios" Mi Ultimo Adios ", translated by scholars into the English as " My Last Farewell ". Although not explored enough, it sheds light on Rizal's "final statement," "state of mind," and "intimate view" of the   Philippine Revolution   before his death by   firing squad .

Conclusion
The author ' s biography of Rizal has laudably attempted to assess Rizal's role in the Propag anda Movement and his influence on the development of nationalism. Some of his insights are trul y perceptive and throw light on the motivation and events of Rizal's short life. But I noticed , the book has abundance of errors of fact. For instance, the La Liga Filipina is said no t to have been a secret society , tho ugh in fact it remained unknown to the Spani ards even after the arrests and searches wh ich accompanied the deportation of Rizal, and w as only discovered when already dissolved . Anyway, t he place of Jose Rizal in the formation of Filipino nationalism is secure. His propaganda activity in Europe, crystallized in his two novels, Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo , earned him the wrath of the Spanish government in Manila and the respect of his fellow countrymen.