This essay Psychophysics has a total of 5705 words and 44 pages.
It is impossible to rigorously prove or substantiate the existence of a Soul, a psyche.
Numerous explanations have been hitherto offered:
- That what we, humans, call a soul is the way that we experience the workings of our brain (introspection experienced). This often
- leads to infinite regressions.
- That the soul is an epiphenomenon, the software result of a hardware complexity (much the same way as temperature, volume and
- pressure are the epiphenomena of a large number of gas molecules).
- That the soul does exist and that it is distinct from the body in substance (or lack of it), in form (or lack of it) and in the set of laws
- that it obeys ("spiritual" rather than physical). The supporters of this camp say that correlation is not causation.
In other words, the electrochemical activity in the brain, which corresponds to mental phenomena does not mean that it IS the mental phenomena. Mental phenomena do have brain (hardware) correlates ? but these correlates need not be confused with the mental phenomena themselves.
Still, very few will dispute the strong connection between body and soul. The psychic activity was attributed to the heart, the liver, even to some glands. Nowadays it is attributed to the brain, apparently with better reasons.
Since the body is a physical object, subject to physical laws, it follows that at least the connection between the two (body and soul) must obey the laws of physics.
Another question is what is the currency used by the two in their communication. Physical forces are mediated by subatomic particles. What serves to mediate between body and soul ?
Language could be the medium and the mediating currency. It has both an internal, psychic representation and an objective, external one. It serves as a bridge between our inner emotions and cognition and the outside, physical world. It originates almost non-physically (a mere thought) and has profound physical impacts and effects. It has quantum aspects combined with classical determinism.
We propose that what we call the Subconscious and the Pre-Conscious (Threshold of Consciousness) are but Fields of Potentials organized in Lattices.
Potentials of what?
To represent realities (internal and external alike), we use language. Language seems to be the only thing able to consistently link our internal world with our physical surroundings. Thus, the potentials ought to be Lingual Energy Potentials.
When one of the potentials is charged with Lingual Energy ? in Freud?s language, when cathexis happens ? it becomes a Structure. The "atoms" of the Structures, their most basic units, are the Clusters.
The Cluster constitutes a full cross cut of the soul : instinct, affect and cognition. It is hologramic and fractalic in that it reflects ? though only a part ? the whole. It is charged with the lingual energy which created it in the first place. The cluster is highly unstable (excited) and its lingual energy must be discharged.
This lingual energy can be released only in certain levels of energy (excitation) according to an Exclusion Principle. This is reminiscent of the rules governing the world of subatomic particles. The release of the lingual energy is Freud?s anti-cathexis.
The lingual energy being what it is ? it can be discharged only as language elements (its excitation levels are lingual). Put differently: the cluster will lose energy to the environment (=to the soul) in the shape of language (images, words, associations).
The defence mechanisms, known to us from classical psychology ? projection, identification, projective identification, regression, denial, conversion reaction, displacement, rationalization, intellectualization, sublimation, repression, inhibition, anxiety and a host of other defensive reactions ? are but sentences in the language (valid strings or theorems). Projection, for instance, is the sentence : "It is not my trait ? it is his trait". Some mechanisms ? the notable examples are rationalization and intellectualization ? make conscious use of language.
Whereas the levels of excitation (lingual discharge) are discrete (highly specific) ? the discharged energy is limited to certain, specific, language representation. These are the "Allowed Representations". They are the only ones allowed (or enabled, to borrow from computers) in the "Allowed Levels of Excitation".
This is the reason for the principles of Disguise (camouflage) and Substitution.
An excitation is achieved only through specific (visual or verbal) representations (the Allowed Representations). If two potentials occupy the same Representational levels ? they will be interchangeable. Thus, one lingual potential will be able to assume the role of another.
Each cluster can be described by its own function (Eigenfunktion). This explains the variance between
Topics Related to Psychophysics
Freudian psychology, Psychodynamics, Defence mechanisms, Energy, Id, ego and super-ego, Psychological repression, Sigmund Freud, Thought, Intellectualization, Psychology, Cathexis, mental phenomena, hardware complexity, quantum aspects, inner emotions, gas molecules, software result, subatomic particles, psychic activity, object subject, epiphenomenon, laws of physics, soul language, regressions, electrochemical, correlates, body and soul, introspection, cognition, glands, psyche
Essays Related to Psychophysics