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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
When a person goes through intense stress such as being shifted out to war, getting raped, studying for a hard exam, paying the bills and raising a family he or she has an episode which the doctors refer to as Post traumatic Stress Disorder aka PTSD. It is a typical response by regular people in abnormal situations. Events that lead to this disorder are sometimes very severe it can happen to anybody. Some people cannot cooperate with this due to the fact that it comes to them all of a sudden that he or she doesn?t have time to react to the incident in time. Many reports have come in over the years of people who have this disorder say that they feel ?shattered, broken, wounded, ripped or torn apart? (Schiraldi, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook, page 3). The symptoms are very tricky and can be for a very long amount of time and sometimes are more difficult to treat. The basic symptom groups for Post Traumatic stress Disorder are Arousal, Avoidance, Duration, and impaired social and occupational functioning.
In a broad population out of all psychiatric conditions in America PTSD is the most common. Younger adults and teenagers seem more at risk than older adults. Post-traumatic
Syndromes are believed to occur and to use deep influences on development and later emotional health. People vary in susceptibility to PTSD. Genetic factors play a significant role in this disorder along with gender. Women develop PTSD at about twice the time as men. Individuals with a previous trauma history or numerous traumas are at increased risk as well. A premorbid psychiatric history also increases the likelihood of developing the disorder. ?A population study reported a lifetime prevalence of 7.8% (5% Men; 10.4% Women)?. (Kessler, et.al, 1995)
A constructive connection has been found between trauma amount and the probability of PTSD. People who have been injured or have been through an event which is life threatening are more likely to develop PTSD than those with less severe trauma. ?Individuals with PTSD often suffer from other psychiatric conditions; nearly 80% of women and 90% of men with lifetime history of PTSD develop at least one other disorder? (Kessler et al., 1995). Depression also occurs during PTSD. Drug abuse develops frequently among men, while women are more likely to have psychological and physical complaints. Children that suffer from PTSD result in psychological trauma when they get older if the disorder isn?t treated correctly. The symptoms that children go through anxiety-related responses which is manifested by Hyperactivity, distraction, and impulsivity which are also symptoms of Attention-Deficit Disorder but are in no way related. Unlike adults, children and teens go through the disorder differently because they can have severe reactions to trauma, and their symptoms may not be the same as adults. Some of the symptoms include Bedwetting, when even if they know how to use the toilet, forgetting how or being not capable to talk, performing out the terrifying event during playtime, and being strangely clingy with a parent or another adult. Older children and teens typically show symptoms more like those seen in adults. They can also build up disruptive, disrespectful, and destructive behaviors. They may feel guilty for not preventing injury or deaths and may have thoughts of revenge.
We might be asking ourselves how somebody can be aroused when it comes to this type of disorder; it has a lot to do with an anxiety attack. PTSD can cause a lot of extreme arousal which is then followed by either external or internal attacks that trigger it because the nervous system has been put into a shock due to overpowering trauma. As a result two things can happen, ?general arousal becomes elevated, while the nervous system overreacts to even smaller stressors.? (Schiraldi, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook, page 8). Signs for having an arousal are having difficulty sleeping, twitching around the bed. Females are sometimes afraid to go to bed due to the fact that they were sexually assaulted and can bring back bad memories of the event. Having a sudden outburst of anger such as smashing things, having intense arguments, and criticizing can have massive results. While this is happening one can feel ashamed, guilty, embarrassed and being betrayed. Since anger is such a huge part in being aroused it can result in having trouble concentrating and remembering. On very rare occasions a person can
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Stress, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Abnormal psychology, Aftermath of war, Psychiatric diagnosis, Acute stress reaction, Hypothalamicpituitaryadrenal axis, Psychological trauma, Cortisol, Exposure therapy, Effects of stress on memory, Complex post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic stress disorder, post traumatic stress, lifetime prevalence, post traumatic stress disorder, intense stress, population study, abnormal situations, psychiatric history, psychiatric conditions, older adults, typical response, genetic factors, 4 women, emotional health, traumas, kessler, avoidance, syndromes, susceptibility, likelihood
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