Moses Nyirakomini Professor Manny Ancient to Medieval 11 April 2017 Doryphoros Spear Bearer and Augustus of Prima Porta Throughout history, Greek and Roman artwork has been continuously used to display perception of reality and the cultural and social values in society. Through their art, we've been able to discover many of the philosophical and ethical beliefs held within a specific time period. The sculptures entitled Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) from High Classical Greece and Augustus of Prima Porta from Early Imperial Rome have been successful in capturing those ideals held within their respective civilizations. While the statues do share many characteristics in design and depiction, their artistic purposes and themes contain some differences. When discussing the form of these two artworks and understanding why Roman sculptures are similar to Greek sculptures, it is important to know that the Romans absolutely admired Greek art. In fact, they appreciated it to the point of building marble copies of the original bronze statue of the Spear Bearer created by Polykleitos. This was due to the unfortunate circumstance of the statue not surviving, along with the treatise called " The Canon " , in which he developed sets of measurements and rules formulating the ideal human figure. This treatise included guidelines for the relationships of body parts to one another, otherwise known as symmetria. There was also an inclusion of a system of correlations between the length of various body parts and a basic unit of measurement. Many studies, in addition to speculation, have suggested that the height of the head from chin to hairline may have been the basic unit. In contrast, many have suggested that the length of the index finger or the width of its hands across the knuckles could have been the basic unit. All things considered, " The Cannon " has allowed for the creation of the Roman marble copy, a perfect visual representation of the original. With it ' s showing of a young male athlete who is well over life sized, balanced, and standing in a life like contrapposto pose in which the majority of weight from the upper body is supported over the straight right leg. It ' s torso is slighty turned in an angle opposite of the hips. The pose perceives the figure in succeeding movement with the left knee bent and left foot placed on the ball of the foot. This is accommodated to the prominent tilt of the Spear Bearer ' s hipline. The Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) is a dynamically balanced figure that has influenced artists to borrow many of it ' s physical features. With this statue being built in Early Imperial Rome, Augustus of Prima Porta holds strong parallels to the Doryphoros, their similarities aren't just exclusive to the poses but they are present in the facial details as well. They both share a self controlled and calm expression, with a small hint of an archaic smile. There is an emphasis of the contour of the nose, brow, and hair receiving a structurally or geometrically stylized look to them. There are a few significant differences that could be observed, one is that the Doryphoros appears more reserved with its relaxed/balanced pose, in contrast to Augustus of Prima Porta where his right arm is extended outward. Another is that Augustus of Prima Porta is shown dressed in military armor and drapery in contrast to the original Greek work presented with nothing but its skin. It is quite obvious that the artists of August of Prima Porta shared an artistic vision with Polykleitos in terms of physical characteristics. While the two statues are similar in structural appearance, it is clear that there are differences in not only theme but artistic purpose. The primary objective of the Doryphoros was to explore the idealization of the perfect human body and harboring a philosophical thought while examining its beauty. It was not the individual who was perfect, it was the strategic precision of the proportions of every part of the body that were perfect, along with their relationship to the others. This fascination with the human form and perfection of the body seems to have derived from the Greeks love of nature. The selection of the most