"Mood Contagion" The automatic Transfer of mood between persons
Pauline Kim




















Introduction
M ood is s om ething very complex. P s ychologist researched on how emotion or mood is experienced in individuals. The article of "Mood Contagion" tells about the theory and experiments t hey have done to research about whether mood is contagious to another individuals . In this article , the author claims that emotions are usually arise from different forms of cognitive processing (Clore, Schwarz & Conway, 1994). From that basis perspective towards emotion they developed a theory that mood is contagious. Human cognitively process the info rmation to produce the feelings. This article also suggests that it's not the only way to feel the feelings (Lazarus, 1991; Rose-man, 1984). The patters of facial, postural, and behavioral exp ressions also generate feelings . Through these basic theories of feelings and mood, we can give another theory of "Mood Contagion . " Mood contagious are the way human cognitively reflecting the mood of other individuals to and express that emotion instead of what our individual actually feeling.
The Experiments that are conducted
Neumann and Strack targeted to learn whether a non-purposeful formation of other individual's emotion transferred through mechanism or personal contact could transfer mood, and which one is more efficiently transferred. In their experiments, participants listened to an affectively speech either in natural, happy, or sad tone of voice. They had certain sample and half women and half man in this experiment. The participants were brought to certain lab and informed that oral presented material is learned more easily or written material is learned easily. In the lab participants couldn't see the time and those who observe their behaviors. The participants had to listen to a philosophical text and participants were tested their comprehension upon what they hear or read. The pretests were completed to test what kind of emotion that they were expressing to the participants while they are reading philosophical text to participants. The authors also predicted that mood contagion results in a global mood state rather than a discrete emotion. And the results that they found that the target person with the happy voice was liked more than the target person with the sad voice. So the result of their experiment gave evidence to support for the theory and assumption that "Automatic form of mood contagion exists. First experiment shows that emotional expression that express simply expressed happy and sad mood to know whether the participants affected by that kind of emotion.
Further th e authors experimented and developed further hypothesis other various way to test the hypothesis that the action is transmitted to another individual by the actions. They have design an experiment to test whether the participants transformed the mood from the performer who is giving a speech with a certain actions that represent mood of the speech, especia lly on their facial expressions. Also they tested the affective notion of vocal emotional expression could automatically actives some actions codes in the listener. Therefore their final hypothesis actions for this experiment were that the participants would resemble some actions or speech that has emotional expression. Their result was just as predicted the participants who repeated the speech expressed the emotion that they were exposed to when they were listening to that speech with certain happy or sad emotion. So the second experiment claims just listening to another person's emotion can cause mood contagion effect.

The third experiment they conducted was trying to provide evidence about activation of conceptual or cognitive codes couldn't cause mood contagion effect. The third experiment teaches the different happens from intentional and unintentional forms of emotional sharing. The last experiment findings suggested that viewing behaviors links to the mood that leads the mimicking the emotions of targets. On this experiment the participants can't meditate upon the mood and researchers has to record participant's automatic form of mood contagions. Also the participants have to be aware of the source of their response to certain mood or event. Therefore researcher asked the participants to think about positive or negative live event and asked what their momentary mood state was and how the procedure of th e experiment changed their mood.