Modern art

her uses, see Modern art (disambiguation). Not to be confused with art moderne.






Pablo Picasso, Dejeuner sur l'Herbe




Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing, 1892




Vincent van Gogh, Country road in Provence by Night, 1889, May 1890, Kröller-Müller Museum




Paul Cézanne, The Large Bathers, 1898–1905




Paul Gauguin, Spirit of the Dead Watching 1892, Albright-Knox Art Gallery




Georges Seurat, The Models, 1888, Barnes Foundation




The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893




Pablo Picasso, Family of Saltimbanques, 1905, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.




Jean Metzinger, 1907, Paysage coloré aux oiseaux aquatique, oil on canvas, 74 x 99 cm, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris




I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911




Black Square by Kasimir Malevich, 1915




Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917. Photograph by Alfred Stieglitz




Wassily Kandinsky, On White II, 1923




Campbell's Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two canvases, Each canvas 20 in × 16 in (51 cm × 41 cm), by Andy Warhol, Museum of Modern Art, New York

Modern art includes artistic works produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the style and philosophy of the art produced during that era.[1] The term is usually associated with art in which the traditions of the past have been thrown aside in a spirit of experimentation.[2] Modern artists experimented with new ways of seeing and with fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of art. A tendency away from the narrative, which was characteristic for the traditional arts, toward abstraction is characteristic of much modern art. More recent artistic production is often called Contemporary art or Postmodern art.

Modern art begins with the heritage of painters like Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec all of whom were essential for the development of modern art. At the beginning of the 20th century Henri Matisse and several other young artists including the pre-cubist Georges Braque, André Derain, Raoul Dufy and Maurice de Vlaminck revolutionized the Paris art world with "wild", multi-colored, expressive landscapes and figure paintings that the critics called Fauvism. Henri Matisse's two versions of The Dance signified a key point in his career and in the development of modern painting.[3] It reflected Matisse's incipient fascination with primitive art: the intense warm color of the figures against the cool blue-green background and the rhythmical succession of the dancing nudes convey the feelings of emotional liberation and hedonism.

Initially influenced by Toulouse-Lautrec, Gauguin and other late 19th century innovators Pablo Picasso made his first cubist paintings based on Cézanne's idea that all depiction of nature can be reduced to three solids: cube, sphere and cone. With the painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), Picasso dramatically created a new and radical picture depicting a raw and primitive brothel scene with five prostitutes, violently painted women, reminiscent of African tribal masks and his own new Cubist inventions. Analytic cubism was jointly developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, exemplified by Violin and Candlestick, Paris, from about 1908 through 1912. Analytic cubism, the first clear manifestation of cubism, was followed by Synthetic cubism, practised by Braque, Picasso, Fernand Léger, Juan Gris, Albert Gleizes, Marcel Duchamp and several other artists into the 1920s. Synthetic cubism is characterized by the introduction of different textures, surfaces, collage elements, papier collé and a large variety of merged subject matter.[citation needed]

The notion of modern art is closely related to Modernism.[4]