Intro to cultural Anthropology
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Intro to cultural Anthropology
• The process by which participants create and share information as they move towards a common understanding.
• Communication involves:
o Encoding and Decoding
o Sign and Symbols
• Any form of communication between individuals or groups from different cultures.
• Communication between people who do NOT share the same sets of symbols, behaviors, values, and beliefs.
A woman that tried explaining the story Hamlet to a tribe.
A dead man moving is a zombie to this tribe
Learning to Observe Part 1
o Imperial Data: can be observed
Quiz on Wednesday 30,2015
Half multiple choice, half essay questions
Research Semester Project:
“Good research is endlessly seductive. But writing is good work”
Pick a topic that is actually interesting to me.
Kinship and Marriage, Part 2
Hawaiian Kinship System
Omaha Kinship System
Zinacanteco Kinship System
• A relationship between two or more individuals that transforms their status and stipulates the degree of sexual access they may have to each other.
• Monogamy- Only one spouse at a time
• Polygamy- More than one spouse at a time
• Polygyny- Man married to more than one woman.
• Polyandry- Woman married to more than one man.
Post-marital Residence Patterns-
• Patrilocal- Living with or near groom’s family
• Matrilocal- Living with or near wife’s family
• Neolocal- Living in a new location
• Other- Many other possibilities
Kinship and Marriage, Part 3
Bridewealth & Dowry-
• Bridewealth- the transfer of symbolically important goods from the family of the groom to the family of the bride as part of a marriage.
• Dowry- a transfer of family wealth from family of bride to the bride of the new couple as part of a marriage.
• Fictive Kinship- a relationship between two people in which direct kinship terms are used otherwise non-consanguineal kin, and a new type of kinship is created.
Worldview & Ritual
• A comprehensive picture of reality based on a set of shared assumptions of how the world works.
• A set of culturally prescribed acts conducted in a manner and order established by tradition.
Simple Paper Outline:
Background/ Problem Orientation-
Napoleon Chagnon- Most famous anthropologist
“A man called “Bee””
• He provided medicine for the people in the village
• Always exchanged items
• They wouldn’t accept him if he didn’t provide them certain things
• Destroying the souls with fire
• Kinship ties, marriage
• All members of one village are related and some can be related to people from other villages
• Belong to only 4 lineages. Headman’s groups
Zinacantecos- Maya studies
Ethnography- Culture Study
Tzotzil- the language they speak
November 11, 2015
Highlights of Zinacantan and Maya area:
• In Mesoamerica
o There is a line splitting the country
o Right near Guatemala
o Maya area = Jungle (Green Hell)
o In the Maya highlands
November 16, 2015
Cabildo- political hierarchy (town hall)
Four different positions:
Presidente (1) a major but with a lot more power
Alcaldes Jueces (4) people who deal with administration issues
Regidores (9) entry level for people who do the work
Cargo- Religious hierarchy
Alcdes Niejos (4)
Syncretism- creative synthesis of old religious practices and new practices
Ejido- State land
November 18, 2015
Innovation- an Idea, a practice, technology
1. Relative Advantage
5. Conformation/ Reaffirmation
Diffusion- Is usually involved in ideas, technologies etc. New ideas are constantly being influenced.
Homophilous- Are people like me. My friend, peer, family member, or even someone on people that has a connection with them (I’m like that person, have similar characteristics)
Heterophilous- People who are not like me.
Re-invention- after you introduce an invention someone else slightly changes it or unexpected. They have to grow it into their culture.
Syncretism- The re-invention of a religion (Adapted)
Applied Anthropology- using principles, concepts outside of academics
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Kinship and descent, Anthropology, Kinship terminology, Family, Marriage, Kinship, Fictive kinship, Hawaiian kinship, Dowry, Bride price, Omaha kinship, Cultural anthropology
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