This essay Intro to cultural Anthropology has a total of 614 words and 9 pages.
Intro to cultural Anthropology
• The process by which participants create and share information as they move towards a common understanding.
• Communication involves:
o Encoding and Decoding
o Sign and Symbols
• Any form of communication between individuals or groups from different cultures.
• Communication between people who do NOT share the same sets of symbols, behaviors, values, and beliefs.
A woman that tried explaining the story Hamlet to a tribe.
A dead man moving is a zombie to this tribe
Learning to Observe Part 1
o Imperial Data: can be observed
Quiz on Wednesday 30,2015
Half multiple choice, half essay questions
Research Semester Project:
“Good research is endlessly seductive. But writing is good work”
Pick a topic that is actually interesting to me.
Kinship and Marriage, Part 2
Hawaiian Kinship System
Omaha Kinship System
Zinacanteco Kinship System
• A relationship between two or more individuals that transforms their status and stipulates the degree of sexual access they may have to each other.
• Monogamy- Only one spouse at a time
• Polygamy- More than one spouse at a time
• Polygyny- Man married to more than one woman.
• Polyandry- Woman married to more than one man.
Post-marital Residence Patterns-
• Patrilocal- Living with or near groom’s family
• Matrilocal- Living with or near wife’s family
• Neolocal- Living in a new location
• Other- Many other possibilities
Kinship and Marriage, Part 3
Bridewealth & Dowry-
• Bridewealth- the transfer of symbolically important goods from the family of the groom to the family of the bride as part of a marriage.
• Dowry- a transfer of family wealth from family of bride to the bride of the new couple as part of a marriage.
• Fictive Kinship- a relationship between two people in which direct kinship terms are used otherwise non-consanguineal kin, and a new type of kinship is created.
Worldview & Ritual
• A comprehensive picture of reality based on a set of shared assumptions of how the world works.
• A set of culturally prescribed acts conducted in a manner and order established by tradition.
Simple Paper Outline:
Background/ Problem Orientation-
Napoleon Chagnon- Most famous anthropologist
“A man called “Bee””
• He provided medicine for the people in the village
• Always exchanged items
• They wouldn’t accept him if he didn’t provide them certain things
• Destroying the souls with fire
• Kinship ties, marriage
• All members of one village are related and some can be related to people from other villages
• Belong to only 4 lineages. Headman’s groups
Zinacantecos- Maya studies
Ethnography- Culture Study
Tzotzil- the language they speak
November 11, 2015
Highlights of Zinacantan and Maya area:
• In Mesoamerica
o There is a line splitting the country
o Right near Guatemala
o Maya area = Jungle (Green Hell)
o In the Maya highlands
November 16, 2015
Cabildo- political hierarchy (town hall)
Four different positions:
Presidente (1) a major but with a lot more power
Alcaldes Jueces (4) people who deal with administration issues
Regidores (9) entry level for people who do the work
Cargo- Religious hierarchy
Alcdes Niejos (4)
Syncretism- creative synthesis of old religious practices and new practices
Diffusion- Is usually involved in ideas, technologies etc. New ideas are constantly being influenced.
Homophilous- Are people like me. My friend, peer, family member, or even someone on people that has a connection with them (I’m like that person, have similar characteristics)
Heterophilous- People who are not like me.
Re-invention- after you introduce an invention someone else slightly changes it or unexpected. They have to grow it into their culture.
Syncretism- The re-invention of a religion (Adapted)
Applied Anthropology- using principles, concepts outside of academics
Topics Related to Intro to cultural Anthropology
Kinship and descent, Anthropology, Kinship terminology, Family, Marriage, Kinship, Fictive kinship, Hawaiian kinship, Dowry, Bride price, Omaha kinship, Cultural anthropology
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