Communications Technology: Global Information Infrastructure

25 PAGES
4783 WORDS
Read the full essay 4783 words
Communications Technology: Global Information Infrastructure

Janice Kyle-Walker

Introduction


We are in the midst of a global information revolution driven by the convergence and proliferation of information and communication technologies. The telecommunications sector is changing at warp speed, driven by technological innovation that results in new equipment and services, and also by new entrants and alliances between companies with experience in a wide range of information industries from telecommunications to broadcasting to computer hardware and software to publishing. Three major trends are driving these changes:
- the rapid introduction of new technologies and services;
- the restructuring of the telecommunications sector; and
- globalization of economies and of communications.
Together these developments are not only changing the world of telecommunications, but the ways people work, learn, and interact.

The Death of Distance


"The death of distance as a determinant of the cost of communications will probably be the single most important economic force shaping society in the first half of the next century." The death of distance could have profound implications for both individuals and organizations. The ability to work "anytime, anywhere" allows "road warriors" to work without offices on planes, in hotels, and at client sites, and enables information workers to telecommute from their homes rather than traveling to work. This flexibility can be two-edged for individuals, who can work wherever they choose but may never escape the "virtual workplace." Organizations may reduce their overhead costs and improve their productivity, but they must also learn how to manage their decentralized work force.

One major technological trend is the extension of "information superhighways" in the form of broadband networks; another is the increasing ubiquity of communications using wireless technologies (that will, however, initially provide access to squirts rather than floods of information). Personal communications networks using microcellular technology will allow people in urban areas not only to talk on pocket-sized telephones, but to transmit and receive data using wireless modems. In rural and developing areas, these services may be available from low earth-orbiting (LEO) satellite systems.

On an international level, the death of distance has profound implications for the globalization of industries and national economies. Rural regions in Europe and North America may lure businesses with their pleasant environment and lower labor costs; however, they are no longer competing only with cities in their own countries. Companies may hire information workers in developing countries where labor is far cheaper, not only for data entry and word processing, but for writing computer programs. Conversely, developing countries now find themselves competing in global markets, where quality and suitability of products may be as important as price.

Global networking: Changing the geography of business


Telecommunications networks now link manufacturers with assembly plants, designers with factories, software engineers with hardware vendors, suppliers with retailers, retailers with customers. No longer is it necessary to have all the expertise in house. Software engineers in Silicon Valley complain that they are laid off while contractors transmit code from Russia and India. Freelance designers can now send clothing patterns directly to an automated garment factory. Customers can order anything from airline tickets to winter clothing online and do their own banking and bill paying electronically.

These trends open opportunities for innovative entrepreneurs around the world. For consumers, they offer more choice and lower prices because there is no overhead cost for sales clerks and order takers. Yet these changes pose threats to traditional businesses as well as to employees. Increasingly, companies that want to compete on price will have to "work smarter" to reduce costs and respond to market changes, while others will have to rethink how to add value to attract customers. High levels of customer service and individualized attention are likely to become more important. As Wells Fargo found, a bank that offers assistance from a human twenty-four hours a day in addition to online electronic banking can attract new customers. And computer vendors that offer free and easy-to-reach customer support may be able to charge a premium, or at least not lose customers to commodity discounters.

More than half the computers in U.S. offices are linked to local area networks (LANs). Increasingly, businesses are also linking into the Internet to reach counterparts in other organizations, specialized databases, and potential customers. Each month,


Related Topics

Media technology Digital technology Network architecture Cultural globalization Digital media National Telecommunications and Information Administration Internet Telecommunications Act OTE Technological convergence Access Wireless local loop global information revolution global information infrastructure warp speed death of distance road warriors technological trend information superhighways telecommunications sector virtual workplace computer hardware and software rapid introduction information industries economic force information workers technological innovation profound implications overhead costs broadband networks communication technologies determinant

More Free Essays Like This

A call for foreign intervention
Abortion: Life Or Death - Who Chooses
AIDS And You
Android OS
Andy Worhal
Anna Rose
Art through the ages
Atlantis: We Will Never Know
Bipolar Disorder: Cause Of Great Madness Or Great Genius?
Bright Future for NOW
Case Disney
Chapter 15 Advertising and Public Relations
Chapter 15: Advertising, Sales Promotion, and Publ
Chemistry Stage 6 Preliminary Course
Coyne PR Firm
Cultural Memory and Historical Memory: The Difference
Current Free Speech Doctrine: Will It Work On The Internet?
Curriculum project
Destalinization
Diverse Communication Styles Are Most Effective For Managing Multigene
Dud paper
Economic Essay
Economic Notes
Enviormental Risk
Environmental Activism
Evaluation of Corporate Performance
Fitness choices
Future Perfect
Genetically Modified Organisms and Nutrition
GLOBAL MARKETING
How Can Artificial Intelligence Help Us?
How has the Internet Impacted our Lives?
How Technology Effects Modern America - US Wage Trends
Hunter Guertin
impact of file sharing
Information Processes
Innovative school management strategies
Internet
Internet: A Medium Or A Message?
Internet Censorship
Internet Censorship Threatens Freedom Of Speech
Janelle Monroe
Jerline Ridges
Judy Felner
Leonardo Da Vinci In Milan According To Giorgione Vasari.
Modernist and post modernism1
Multimedia
Noni James
Noni James
Noni James
Noni James
Nuclear War: Why We Need Our Nukes
Political scientist Robert E. Bedeski of the Unive
Political scientist Stephen J. Wayne, professor of
Pornography On The Internet
Rave Culture: The Number One Example Of Social Deviance
Republic of the Philippines
Return on Investment - Education Funding
RINGKASAN
Sex Crimes
Shultz
Software And Copyright
stup
Subliminal Advertising
Television : Candy For The Mind
The 21 st c entury learning is no longer confined
The Advisory Opinion Of The ICJ On The Legality Of Nuclear Weapons
The Benefits Of Science And Technology
The Clinton Sex Scandal
The Cons of Globalization, an Essay Against Global
The Consequences Of Guns
The Cultural Narcissist
The Effects Of Violence In Media On Society Today
The Good Enough Family
The Internet - Use With Caution
The Internet: Its Effects And Its Future
The New York Yankees 98 Season
The Revolt Of The Poor - The Demise Of Intellectual Property
The significance of advertisings place in promoti
The Solow Paradox
The Virtual Home
We Are Heading To An Apocalypse Of Our Own Creation.
Week 2 Assignment
Week 2 Assignment
What about the mayan calendar
Billy Eaves 6-5
Computer Engerneering
Copper and Molybdenum Deposits in the United States
Cystic Fibrosis
If you follow the news on television or by reading
american history
The Jorge
Yo