Civil War

2172 WORDS
Read the full essay 2172 words
Civil War


Writing about recorded history should be a relatively easy task to accomplish. Recorded history is based on facts. Regardless of what time period one may write about, one will find enough information about that time of period. The key is to put everything in a logical and understandable manner. This paper will be about the Civil War. I will try, to the best of my knowledge, to discuss the North?s and South?s positions and Arguments for going to war, their initial military strategies and their strength and weaknesses. The paper will actually be a summary from chapter 10 of the book Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era By: James McPherson, "Amateurs Go To War".

Before discussing the war itself, one must understand the Union?s and the Confederate?s arguments and reasons for going to war. Let?s start at the beginning, when the South was first showing animosity for the North, which eventually led to sessionist ideas by the South.

The Compromise of 1850 was drafted in response to the threat of a Southern Convention, because of Zachary Taylors decision to carve out two huge territories in the Far West and to admit them in the union as free states. Henry Clay drafted the compromise, which includes eight parts. "The first pair would admit California as a State and organize the remainder of the Mexican cession without "any restriction or condition on the subject of slavery". The second pair of resolutions settled the boundary dispute between Texas and New Mexico in favor of the latter and compensated Texas by federal assumption of debts contracted during its existence as an Independent Republic. Clay?s third pair of resolutions called for abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia but a guarantee of slavery itself in the District. As if these six proposals yielded more to the North then to the South, Clay?s final pair of resolutions tipped the balance Southward by denying congressional power over the interstate slave trade and calling for a stronger law to enable slave holders to recover their property when they fled to free states" Battle Cry of freedom: The Civil War Era, McPherson James, (p.70-71). The Northerners hated the fugitive slave law, because in the past it was never enforced and it never gave a trial by jury to any runaway slaves. The only testimony heard was that of the slaveholder and he usually recovered his slave. Not only that, but the slaveholder was compensated $10 for winning the trial because of all the trouble he had to go through in recovering his property. Because of the passage of the compromise, the North had to enforce the law which it hated.

As the United States expanded westward, two new territories were carved out and the issue of slavery arose again. The U.S. government let the two new territories decide themselves whether or not to permit slavery. Since it was up to the people to decide the slavery issue, Northern abolitionists enticed anti-slavery supporters to move into the new regions and vote to make Kansas and Nebraska free states. Southern pro-slavery supporters did exactly as the North did to make Kansas and Nebraska slave states. The two sides clashed with one another over this issue and there was literally a Civil War in Kansas.

One particular situation that occurred in Kansas was the sacking of the city of Lawrence. Pro slavery advocates of the city of LeCompton, Kansas set up a group or a posse that went to the anti-slavery city of Lawrence, Kansas, ransacked, burned and literally destroyed the city. In response to this attack by the Southerners the Northerners took revenge. John Brown, a radical abolitionist, decided to do a similar thing to the Southerners. He planned an attack on LeCompton, Kansas. Enroute to LeCompton he encountered about five pro slavery supporters, and without remorse, hacked them to death at Potawattamie Creek in Kansas. The entire country was slowly being divided into two parts and even congress could not do anything to resolve the problems. Political parties were splitting along North/South lines and even violence was a common occurrence in congress. The last straw, which eventually split the Union, was the election of 1860. On the eve of

Related Topics

Economic history of the United States Bleeding Kansas American Civil War Confederate States of America Abolitionism James Buchanan Slave and free states Abraham Lincoln Union Origins of the American Civil War Issues of the American Civil War battle cry of freedom mexican cession abolition of the slave trade james mcpherson compromise of 1850 cry of freedom congressional power strength and weaknesses boundary dispute military strategies norths free states understandable manner independent republic souths henry clay confederates going to war animosity taylors

More Free Essays Like This

A call for foreign intervention
Abortion: Life Or Death - Who Chooses
Adolf Hitler
Aids Conspricay - Is AIDS Biological Warfare?
Alex Bell
America?s Involvement In World War Two
American Labor Movement: Development Of Unions
Americas Great Depression
Americas Involvement In WWII
Art through the ages
Articles Of Confederation
Berry Gordy: Father Of The Motown Sound
Brazil: National Context
C auses
Canada of the United States of America
Case Disney
Causes Of The Civil War
Chapter 15: Advertising, Sales Promotion, and Publ
Communism - From Marx To Zemin
Computer Technology
Curriculum project
Death Penalty Issues
Economic Consequences Of Software Crime
Emancipation Proclamation And Discrimination
Federalist Party
Feminism And Gender Equality In The 1990s
Field Of Dreams
Filipinas detro de cien anos
Flint Michigan
George Washington Could Not Afford To End Slavery
Germany: The Answer To An Old Question
Global warming
GM Overview
Gorbachev and Perestroika
History Of Physics
History Of Unions And Their Relevance In Todays Society
Hutus and Tutsis
Immigration & Americas Future
Internet Censorship
Invisable Man - Black Leaders
Israel & Paletine The presidential Brief
Janelle Monroe
JFK: His Life And Legacy
John D. Rockefeller
Labor And Unions In America
Mantas Svabauskas
Multiculturalism In Canada
New Deal America
Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
Nuclear War: Why We Need Our Nukes
Overview of Economics
Overview of Italy
Persecution of the Early Church
Political Policies Between The United States And The Soviet Union Duri
Political scientist Robert E. Bedeski of the Unive
Political scientist Stephen J. Wayne, professor of
Pre-Civil War New Orleans
Private School Vouchers
Progressive Historians
Puerto Rico walks away from commonwealth. I will n
Racial Discrimination In America During The 1920s
Revolutions - A Justified Means Of Change?
Social Science Fiction In Asimovs Work
Societys Restraint To Social Reform
Sociological Issues
Some Of The Most Important Presidential Elections
Students of history invariably ponder questions of
The Advisory Opinion Of The ICJ On The Legality Of Nuclear Weapons
The American Dream
The Aztec Nation
The Bay Of Pigs Invasion
The Colorado River
The Cons of Globalization, an Essay Against Global
The End of the Era of Good Feelings
The Fall Of The Armenians
The French Revolution
The Historical Progression of African Americans
The Ineptitude Of The United States
The Internet: Its Effects And Its Future
The Iran nuclear deal
The Mis Education of the Filipino