Battle of Saratoga
The battle of Saratoga was the considered as the major event happened in the American history. This battle was a proof that the American army was more powerful and capable of handling the highly trained and experienced British forces. This battle attracted the attention of the European powers, which started supporting the Americans.
In the year 1977, Major general Burgoyne planned the attack on the Americans and advanced the three army battalions to New York 1st one along the Hudson river which was led by himself and move towards east, 2nd along south of Canada towards Mohawk river which was led by General Barry St. Leger and moved towards east and the 3rd one was planned to move north along Hudson river under the command of General Howe.
Initially the plan was going very well as the British won at Ticonderoga and Hubbardton. The first American victory was achieved in the Battle of Bennington. This was achieved by American army led by General John Stark against the British Army. (Military Science, 2006)



The battle took place in Saratoga County in New York on Tuesday, October 1777.
This was the crucial battle for the relation of American and the French. This battle gave the French the chance to fight against the British. The French helped the Americans with the war necessities and ammunition supplies.
The war was the vital part of the American Revolution. The Burgoyne advanced from the south of the Hudson River. The American troops tried to stop the Burgoyne Company by cutting trees and blocking the way to slow the movement. By the time the British reached the fort Edward they were short of war supplies. This made the British troops weak and was defeated by the Americans.
Although the Battalion moving from North side won Philadelphia under the command of General Howe, they were restrained to join Burgoyne. After realizing that the major battle is going to start the Americans started moving troops to north and made an announcement in the country that any militia can join the army for the battle. This resulted in the formation of the large army for the battle of Saratoga.
After his losing battle in September 1777, Burgoyne battled at Bemis Heights on Oct 7th 1777. He wanted to free his company from encircling American troops and fight them in field. But they still lost the battle. After the loss at Bemis Heights, Burgoyne surrendered on Oct 17, 1777. The victory was named as Victory NY. Burgoyne went back to England after the defeat. Disgraced by his defeat, he was never given any command in future. (Saratoga Springs, 2010)

As mentioned earlier, the support forwarded from France, Spain, and Holland to the Americans was the major turning point in the American history. All the three countries were the frequent opponents of the British army. They supported the Americans in the war with the military, money, arms and ammunition. Although, the Battle of the Saratoga was not the last battle fought the battle went for the four more years. But the Battle of the Saratoga was the battle which took the relationship of the Americans and the Europeans to grow stronger. The Europeans wanted to fight against the British and defeat them forever. (The American victory at Saratoga)
The Battle of Saratoga is a remarkable war which showed the impact of the geographical factors on the movements of the army. The colonial resentment and struggle against the British was shown openly during this phase and the ?macro and micro geographic? factors served to give lessons to the British.
The battle site was chosen by Continental army commander and this choice proved good in terms of American War of independence, which became a historical war. The war changed the overall planning of the British and it became a turning point for the Americans. This war became a success story in the history of the American Independence.
Commander Burgoyne?s strategic planning to isolate he American colonies from New England proved wrong. By this isolation he thought that Americans would be discouraged and their French supporters will also step back. And with this the British rule will be established for ever but the wrong geographical choice and overconfidence made the British loose the battle. (Douglas R. Caldwell and Harmon)