Ancient Babylonia

Geeta

When studying Ancient Babylonia it is notably important to look at these factors: daily life, religion, people, society, government and economy so we can determine the development of the civilization and how it is similar to the way we live today. The Babylonian Empire is unique because their government was run by a law known as the Code of Hammurabi similarly are government is run by numerous laws. Their knowledge of science and astrology is intriguing due to the fact that they were the first civilization to form the basis of the sixteen month of thirty days calendar, their discovery of the calendar lend us to the calendars we have today. In addition to government, science and astrology their economy was very modern and played an immense part in their daily life. The way the Babylonians lived life is identical to the way we live our life today.

In today?s society we are governed and protected by laws, well we can say the same about Ancient Babylonia their society was governed and protected by the Code of Hammurabi(1750). The Code of Hammurabi main purposes were ? to make justice visible in the land, to destroy the wicked person and the evil doer, so that the strong might not injure the weak?. Our legal system is somewhat like this in terms of we sentence and enforce punishments on the criminals to protect other innocent citizens. Just like are prime minister, the Babylonian king Hammurabi wished to secure a uniform pattern of justice throughout his land, to certify that everyone was well aware of punishments and rules before breaking or committing them. The most well known term to describe this law is ? an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth?. This quote indicated that the punishment suited the crime.

The Babylonian civilization was considerably keen on science, mathematics and astrology. They were apprehensive in the cause of medicine an example of this is their belief that sin was the cause of a patient?s illness. Here is an old Babylonian proverb that says ? an infection without a doctor is like hunger without food?. What this is saying is they depended on doctors to suit their needs just as we depend on food to suit hunger. This describes perfectly what the Ancient Babylonian civilization was like, they depended on doctors and herbal medicine just as we do today. One of the more fascinating things that Canada and Ancient Babylonia have in common is the use of the medical text. The texts that were used are identical to how we use them today they basically had two kinds: descriptions of symptoms and lists of remedies. Prescriptions were made from milk, snake skin, turtle shell, cassia, thyme, date, fig and fir. The same way we use the resources that are available to us to find remedies is the same way the Babylonians used what was grown around them to find remedies. Babylonians had two types of medical practitioners, they were called the asipu (whose cures were said to be magical) and the asu (whose cure were basically medical). The asipu used incantations/ other magical practices and the asu or exorcist sometimes used drugs. The Babylonians had little knowledge about surgery so the only surgical procedure allowed by a surgeon was setting broken bones. The Code of Hammurabi indicates that the punishment for surgical mistakes was mutilation and even death. This is similar to are standards today because if a surgeon operates on you and makes any mistakes we can sew or he/she will have to spend so time in prison.

Babylonians knowledge of Zoology, Botanic, Mineralogy, map mating made them an advanced civilization. They were aware of a variety of species, though their categories differed from ours. Their curiosity led them to collect and bring home rare species of plants to create the first royal botanical garden. They also had a list of magical stones to develop their knowledge of mineralogy. Map mating was a very known science to the Babylonians most of them were experienced in it which made them more aware of there surrounding. Babylonians drew maps of local areas such as field plans, estates plans, grounds plants of temples and houses as well as maps of more distant regions such as larger areas: districts and towns. Their maps were drawn mostly in straight lines, with