A Piaget Classsroom Plan

A Piaget Classroom Plan
Patricia Cole
ECE 332 Child Development
Instructor Melanie Rodriguez
August 25, 2014



A Piaget Classroom Plan
Piaget developed stage theory’s that define and describe the cognitive development of children. In his view Piaget believed that cognitive development refers to the changes in children, during their cognitive process, and the abilities they require. He believes that the mental development of a child is influenced by the biological makeup of the child and the environmental experience the child passes through, and because every human being must pass through the process of cognitive development, language plays an important role during this process. Piaget has identified four stages of development and “each stage is marked by strikingly different perceptions of the world and different adaptations to it; each stage is the product of learning that occurred in earlier stages; and each is a preparation for the next stage” (LeFrancois, 2012). It is the second one of his stage theory’s pre-operational that I will use to design my classroom.
The per-operational stage of Piaget’s theory covers the ages of two to four years. At this age, the child does not have the ability to effectively and accurately construct images, and a child needs physical images to help them to construct the image. There are four aspects of developmental categories of children under this age, and they are emotional, language, physical and cognitive development. The child could show characteristic of jumping, skipping, and hopping. At this age a child tries to maintain a balance of themselves, by using their toes, and walking on their tiptoes. They can ride a tricycle, play with a ball and can make a bridge by using three blocks. The child likes to draw and begins to use scissors to cut with. They also begin to use a spoon and a fork. In language a child begins to communicate by using three to five words. At this age they also pass through the social and emotional development and start to imitate those around them. The cognitive development is characterized by the questions the child asks. The big question is what is this? They are able to understand the notion of now and soon, but cannot understand the concept of tomorrow or next week, and in this stage children are very self- oriented and have an egocentric view. The preschool classroom I designed has several different centers. Included in the plan are dramatic play, block, library, fine motor, art, sand and water, literacy /circle time, computers, science, and quite area Within each center there are developmental concerns such as social/emotional, physical, cognitive, and language development.
Areas of a classroom:
Block area
This is a construction activity that may spark a child’s interest in design or construction. They get to build a tower just to watch it fall. They can utilize the cognitive design abilities of children. The activity is building a tower.
Materials needed:
Hard hats
Paper
Pencils
Colored pencils
Blocks of all shapes or sizes
Safety zone sign
Safety glasses
Steps by Step Instructions:
1. Put on hard hat.
2. Put on safety glasses.
3. Put out safety zone signs.
4. Design a tower on paper.
5. Build a tower.

6. Then call the demolition guys and watch it fall.
7. When done build another one, and push it down to.
Dramatic play:
This area lets children fit reality of the world into their own interest and knowledge. As stated by Piaget dramatic play contributes strongly to the intellectual development of children. Dramatic play includes role playing, puppetry, and fantasy play. The activity I will use is On the Farm. This activity lets children experience spring on the farm. Explain that many animals are born in the spring. Let the children be the farm animals and dress up in animal mask and costumes.
Materials needed:
Animal mask
Animal costumes
Plastic shovels
Hay
Water buckets
Step by Step Instructions:
1. Children dress as animals.
2. Clean the animal barn.
3. Feed and water the animals.
Leave the farm up for a week so each child gets to experience what it is like to live on a farm.
Science/Math Area:
Piaget's preoperational theory that match mathematics, include concepts that easily translate into teaching strategies. The child now might understand the connection between an object and the symbol that it represents. Set up a hands-on number lesson in which groups of toys or other objects represent numbers such as five toy cars, three apples, or seven pieces of chalk(Metzger, 2014).
Materials needed:
Empty egg container (one that held a